A dental crown is a cap that is in the shape of the tooth placed on it to redeem it’s size shape or strength. These caps cover the entire area of a tooth that penetrates above the gums. They are commonly prosthetic.
There are numerous reasons that will necessitate one to require a dental crown. Think of a tree branch that has dried up. It has a solid look on the tree but with time, it is bound to come down. When it does the effects are more devastating to the tree as it breaks other tree parts during the fall.
Damaged teeth are like the branch, most are hollow on the inside. If not fixed in time, other teeth and the jawbone will get damaged too-just like contagious flu. When it is attended to later, the dental formula can be salvaged but not the tooth necessitating complete removal that will be followed by an expensive implant.
Dental crowns are used to prevent bad bites. Bad bites are caused by missing or severely worn out teeth. To fix them, dental crowns anchor bridges within the required space. Dental appearance is enhanced by the crowns. Most patients prefer them to be in the color of their teeth. Differentiating them with the rest is an uphill task hence their use in covering discolored, missing, worn out teeth and implants. The whiter the teeth the more confident and broad the smiles.
There is no specific age limit to using dental crowns. Parents are advised to take their children for a dental checkup after their first year or after the appearance of the first tooth. At this age, tooth decay is not worrying, pediatrician dentists can be able to detect and treat other dental problems. For children with tooth decay problems, crowns are used to cover their teeth-especially for those finding it hard to maintain daily dental hygiene or limit general anesthesia- for those who are not compatible due to age or history.
Types of dental crowns: temporary vs. Permanent
Permanent dental crowns are made from stainless steel, porcelain-fused to metal, alloys of metals and pure ceramic, porcelain or resin.
Stainless steel dental crowns
These are highly recommended for children with primary teeth. This is due to their ease in coming out when the primary teeth come out to be replaced by permanent teeth. They do not require multiple dentist visits for care and maintenance making them pocket-friendly when compared to prophylactic care hence they cannot be easily fractured.
Metal alloy dental crowns
These are common with platinum, gold and base metal alloys. They are very strong and equally lend strong linkage between the tooth and themselves. Their only downside is their metallic color- some patients prefer them that way though. Molars are better with metal alloy dental crowns due to their grinding action and invisibility.
Porcelain-fused to metal dental crowns
They are voted for the front teeth and bridges where the metal is vital. This type of dental crown is easily teeth color matched, unlike the metal alloys. The underlying metal can appear as a thick line underneath receding gums at times. They are fragile hence requiring enhanced care and maintenance.
Pure resin, porcelain or ceramic
All resin crowns are the most fragile- more fragile than even porcelain-fused to metal. They are the cheapest in the market currently.
All porcelain or ceramic are good for patients who are allergic to metals. Color matching is also done with great ease.
Temporary crowns are made in the dentist’s office. They are made of stainless steel or acrylics. The permanent crowns are prepared in dental laboratories hence take more time. The temporary crowns are used instantly pending the arrival of tailor-made permanent crowns.
Procedures for installation- do crowns hurt?
To answer this well knowing the procedure for obtaining one is the first step. It all starts with a visit to the dentist; the dentists analyze the extent of damage to the tooth and may require taking a few x-ray images of the jawbone and the root of the tooth being crowned. A root canal treatment is due when there is extensive tooth damage or when there I a higher risk of injuring or infecting the pulp.
The milling operation involves shaping part of the tooth. This is done to create room for the crown. Using putty, paste or a digital scanner, the dentist will make an impression of the dental formulae around the decayed tooth for a custom-made crown. A temporary crown is applied while awaiting the permanent crown.
Anaesthetizing the area to be treated is important as it reduces pain. This is done during the shaping and when fixing the crown. The amount of pain felt is minimal although little numbness can be felt when the local anesthetic wears out. After installing the crown, the gum tends to grow on the tooth and may cause negligible discomfort.
Maintenance and care for permanent and temporary dental crowns.
Crowning of teeth does not make them immune from bacteria attacks. Basic daily cleaning and flossing are necessary. Use an anti-bacterial mouthwash to rinse the mouth at least once a day. Here are advanced tips for caring for temporary crowns.
- Avoid sticky foods that can make them come out. These can enhance the risk of even swallowing the whole crown.
- When flossing, slide the dental floss to avoid pulling the crown up.
- Avoid chewing hard foods. These can fracture or dislodge the crown.
- Shift bulk chewing to the side of the mouth without the crown.
Regular visits to the dentist for checkups are pivotal in ensuring the longevity of the crowns. Permanent crowns can at times come out or fracture. This can be fixed by a dentist immediately to avoid more problems.
757 Dental Solutions in Reynosa, Tamaulipas in Mexico and Dr. Yara Ramos stand out as cosmetic dentistry specialists, especially with dental crown treatments. For more information on this treatment send an email or schedule an appointment. Rest assured of gaining the smile that you always wanted to have.